Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (England and Wales) Regulations 1999

These regulations were developed in response to a European directive requiring an assessment of the impact on the environment of projects likely to have significant effects. It applies to all planning applications for "EIA development" as defined by the Act.[1]

The Act prohibits the granting of planning permission without first considering the status of the environmental information supplied.[2] The EIA has become a central vital tool used by Local Authorities in the determination of planning consent and permission. The environmental information enables everyone involved in the development process to have concise information concerning the likely significant impacts on the environment of the proposed development should consent be granted.

The EIA contains:
  • A plan to identify the land.
  • A brief description of the nature and the purpose of the development.
  • The possible effects of the development on the environment.

Any other information or representation the person requesting the permit may wish to make or provide. It contains both the positive and negative impacts that may result from the development as well as the mitigation measures that may be used to address the negative environmental impacts. Thus before the Local Authority will grant development consent it will take into account the type of development, the specific characteristics of the particular development and the environmental features likely to be affected by the development.[3]

[1] Section 2 (1)
[2] Section 3 (2)
[3] Section 10 (6) Page last updated: 28 April 2010
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