The Act is applicable in the entire United Kingdom including Northern Ireland. Its main objective is to encourage energy conservation measures in residential accommodation by requiring local authorities to report on the measures they consider “practicable, cost-effective and likely to result in significant improvement” in the energy efficiency of residential accommodation in their area.
These measures include information, advice, education, promotion, making grants and loans and carrying out works.
The local authority’s report must contain:
- An assessment of the cost of the energy conservation measures set out in it.
- An assessment of the extent to which carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere would be decreased as a result of those measures.
- An assessment of the extent of decreases in emissions into the atmosphere of oxides of nitrogen and sulphur dioxide.
- An assessment of the numbers of jobs which would result from the implementation of those measures.
These requirements are in no means exhaustive and the Act enables the Secretary of State to develop and issue further guidance, for example on the information required in reports and what improvements in energy efficiency are to be regarded as significant.
 Section 1, Home Energy Conservation Act 1995
 Section 2 (3 a-b), Home Energy Conservation Act 1995